International history of child support
History of child support across the world
History of child support in the UK
History of child support in the USA
History of child support in some mainly-English-speaking countries
History of child support in some (non-UK) European countries
Comparisons across some mainly-English-speaking countries
Comparisons across some European countries
Child support systems across the world
Reciprocal arrangements with other countries
The cost of children in other nations
Can Child Support Agencies ever work?
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Comparisons across some European countries

This page is being evolved as part of a long-term project. I ask anyone with useful material to get in touch at: history@childsupportanalysis.co.uk .

When? Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Netherlands Norway Sweden UK (etc)
1601                   An Acte for the Reliefe of the Poore
19th Century     1888:
Advanced maintenance scheme for illegitimate children.
            The parish has the power to recover from the putative father the cost of maintenance of a bastard child.
1908     Advanced maintenance scheme for all children              
1937                 Advanced maintenance scheme for both non-married & divorced women  
World War 2
1957               United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance    
1958                 United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance  
1959     United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance     United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance        
1960     Divorce & maintenance determination dealt with by statsamter (local offices of national and civil law)   United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance          
1962 Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children   United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance   Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance      
1964             Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children   Law on Maintenance Advance  
1965               Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children    
1966   United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children   Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children       Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children  
1967       Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children            
1969 United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance         Regelunterhalt ("maintenance rules"?) - regular support - for non-marital children        
Basic amounts for child maintenance were set in legislation, and have been adjusted regularly
1973                   Hague Convention concerning the recognition and enforcement of decisions relating to maintenance obligations towards children
1974       Child Maintenance Act            
1975                   United Nations Convention on the Recovery Abroad of Maintenance
1977       Security of Child Maintenance Act.
Security of Child Maintenance Decree.
           
1981               Act on Parents and Children    
1986     New statute on advanced maintenance             UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1989 It became the responsibility of never-married parents to establish paternity and decide what to do about child maintenance                  
1990         United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child       United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child  
1991   United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child       United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child   Child Support Act 1991
1992 United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child         United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child   Maintenance determination moved from fylkesmann (local offices of national and civil law) to local offices of NIA (National Insurance Administration)   UN Convention on the Rights of the Child
1993           Access to the advance maintenance scheme was widened Research by Netherlands Institute for Budget Control and the Central Bureau for Statistics, which was subsequently used to set the minimum amounts     Creation of the Child Support Agency
1995             United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child     Child Support Act 1995
                  Law on Maintenance Support. Transfered administrative responsibility for assessing liabilities of non-resident parents whose child are receiving maintenance support from public funds  
1997             Enforcement of child maintenance transfered to a new agency - LBIO (Landelijk Bureau Oderhoudsbijdragen). One of the aims was to increase compliance   Legislation to avoid inflation of expenditure on advanced maintenance as a result of low levels of voluntarily agreed maintenance  
2000                   Child Support, Pensions, and Social Security Act 2000
Present day
2003?                   Reformed CSA
When? Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Netherlands Norway Sweden UK (etc)
Page last updated: 18 December, 2003 © Copyright Barry Pearson 2003